International trade, international obligations

Recycling legislation varies in every country, placing the responsibility on retailers, who are consistently held liable by legislators. Compliance isn't limited to local laws; retailers must adhere to regulations in every country they supply.


The Trinity of Recycling: These Areas are Concerned


Electrical Equipment

All items using electricity are considered electrical or electronic equipment, including TVs, fridges, USB sticks, safes with electronic locks, and furniture with integrated lighting. Retailers have broad global responsibilities.



Nationally valid laws worldwide govern the distribution of device and vehicle batteries, regardless of size or rechargeability. They cover registration, disposal, and bans on specific battery types.



In e-commerce, packaging is ubiquitous, from manufacturer's sales packaging to retailer-filled shipping cartons. Global laws require e-commerce retailers to financially participate in disposal systems.

What to expect in the white paper

This white paper aims to help you identify your company's obligations regarding return, disposal, and recycling, along with the relevant regulations. It provides essential insights to assess the workload required to ensure compliance with national and international obligations.


  • Duties in national and international trade
  • Liability of online retailers 
  • Traps posed by regional law variations
  • Legal pitfalls to avoid
  • Potential sanctions for non-compliance
  • Varied legislation on electrical equipment, batteries, and packaging